Understanding employment outcomes for students who do not attend college can help state policymakers determine when and where support programs are needed to assist these students in securing gainful employment. Research shows that there are significant financial burdens and costs to society for individuals who do not complete high school or individuals who complete high school but are not fully engaged in the workforce. The tabs above will walk you though the following topics:
This spotlight provides a summary of the MLDS Center research report on the Workforce Outcomes for Maryland Students Who Do Not Attend College.
This report was authored by Dr. Terry V. Shaw, Principal Investigator for the MLDS Center Research Branch and Associate Professor at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work; Ms. Susan Klumpner, Researcher with the MLDS Center Research Branch and AM at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work; Dr. Angela Henneberger, Director of the MLDS Center Research Branch and Research Professor at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work.
1. This study included individuals who, in academic year 2009-2010, were either:
2. This study excluded any of these individuals if they enrolled in college by the time of the study.
Before presenting findings on the variation in earnings among these high school achievement groups, it is important to understand the extent of wage visibility in the data. Wage visibility refers to whether a person appears in the MLDS Center wage data. A lack of wage visibility should not be confused with unemployment. There are several reasons why a wage record may not be available for a student. Those reasons include:
For this study, there is a wage record for 72% of the studied population.
Given the data limitations described above, the level of unemployment among the various groups cannot be determined. However, it is likely that the low wage visibility among Certificate of Program Completion students and students who persist to a Certificate of Completion or GED are due in part to a higher rate of unemployment than the other groups analyzed.
To understand the workforce outcomes of the population of students in this study, the median wages are reported by group and by industry.
For each student group, the highest earning industry sector is listed.